Hammertoes and Bone Spurs
A hammertoe gets its name from the way it looks. It occurs when the joint bends causing the tip of the toe to hit the ground, making the toe look like a hammer. It happens when there is an imbalance in the muscles, tendons or ligaments that keep the toe in place. Tight shoes can be a cause by keeping a toe bent and holding it in one position for long periods of time. The muscles tighten and don’t stretch out, deforming the toe.
As time goes on, pain may develop deep in the toe joints and even the ball of the foot, limiting walking, exercise or even just standing comfortably.
There are many forms of treatment for this problem. It starts with shoes that have a soft, roomy toe box. Surgery may be needed if that does not provide relief. The goal of surgery is to restore normal alignment and function of the toe joint to help relieve the pain.